Bitlisi, Sharaf Khan
- (1543-1603)Sharaf Khan Bitlisi was the Kurdish author of the Sharafnama, a very erudite history of the ruling families of the Kurdish emirates. The book was written in Persian, completed in 1596, and is arguably the single most important source for Kurdish history up to that time.The Sharafnama divides its history into four parts. The first deals with five Kurdish dynasties, which have actually enjoyed royalty (saltanat): the Marwanids of Diyarbakir and Jazire, the Hasan-wayhids of Dinawar and Shahrizur, the Fadluyids of the Great Lur, the princes of little Lur, and the Ayyubids. The second part lists those dynasties that have had coins struck and the khutba recited in their names. (The khutba is a religious invocation, pronounced at the Friday prayer meeting, that mentions the Prophet, the first four caliphs, and the current ruler.) The third part numbers the families of hereditary governors (hukkam), while the fourth details the history of the mirs of Bitlis.Sharaf Khan Bitlisi, the former ruler of the emirate of Bitlis, had abdicated in favor of his son when he wrote the Sharafnama. He apparently spent much of his life gathering the information for his history.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Sharafnama — See Bitlisi, Sharaf Khan … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Literature — Although no records exist of pre Islamic Kurdish literature and much undoubtedly has been lost because of the ceaseless conflicts that have ravished Kurdistan, it is possible to mention a few important works and authors. In the first place,… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Bitlis (Fürstentum) — Das kurdische Fürstentum Bitlis (Kurdisch: Badlis) existierte von 1182–1847 und ging aus der Stammesföderation der Rojaki (Rozagi) hervor. Die Rojaki besiegten den georgischen König David III. und eroberten Bitlis und Sason im 10. Jahrhundert. … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chronology — 401 BCE Kardouchoi harass retreating Greeks, as recorded by Xenophon in his Anabasis. Mid 7th century CE Kurds are Islamicized. 1169 Saladin (most famous Kurd) establishes Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt and Syria. 1187 Saladin defeats Crusaders at the… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Ayyubids — The Ayyubids were a famous Islamic dynasty established by the illustrious Saladin (Salah al Din) in Egypt in 1171, and at their brief height they also held sway in greater Syria, Iraq, and Yemen. The Ayyubids replaced the Fatimids and were in… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Baban — This Kurdish emirate played an important role in what is now northern Iraq from roughly 1550 until its final demise in 1850. According to the Sharafnama of Sharaf Khan Bitlisi, the first chief and eponymous founder of the Baban line was Pir… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Barzan — The eponymous home of the Barzanis, Barzan is a remote old mountainous and economically marginal village in the upper regions of what is today northern Iraq just south of the present Turkish border on the edge of Mt. Shirin and on the left… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Bitlis — (Bidlis) Bitlis was a prominent Kurdish emirate during the 16th and 17th centuries in what is now southeastern Turkey. It is the name of the province and its chief city. Although a scenic city long admired by visitors, it has very hot summers… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Emirates — Emirates were Kurdish principalities, which possessed many of the characteristics of a state. They existed as early as the 1300s, with the last ones being abolished only in the middle of the 19th century. At various times their rulers bore… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Hasanwayhids — The Hasanwayhids were a Kurdish dynasty who dominated the Zagros between Shahrizur and Khuzistan on the east side of the Shatt al Arab River from c. 959 to 1014 during the period when the power of the Abbasid caliphate was declining. Their… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds